Exploring students’ perceptions of self-assessment in the context of problem solving in STEM





assessment, higher education, problem solving, self-assessment, STEM


Central goals of higher education in STEM domains include learning of problem solving and self-assessment skills. To achieve these goals, we propose a novel self-assessment method called the Solve-Correct-Assess-Negotiate (SCAN) method of assessing problem solving that includes both formative and summative elements. We study students’ learning experiences in courses involving different methods of assessing problem solving (Course 1 including teacher-led assessment, Ntrad = 53; Course 2 including SCAN method, NSCAN = 56) and specifically associations between these learning experiences and students' perceptions of the SCAN method. We found that the students relied on teacher-led assessment more than the self-assessment. The perceived utility of the self-assessment was positively associated with a deeper approach to learning in Course 2 than in Course 1. Students who found the self-assessment less beneficial also perceived less support from the learning environment. Our findings suggest that the successful implementation of novel self-assessment-based practices for problem-solving requires personalized support for self-assessment, teachers’ awareness of the different perceptions that students have towards these practices, and discussion among teachers and students on the rationale, utility, and reliability of the different practices.


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How to Cite

Lämsä, J., Virtanen, A., Tynjälä, P., Maunuksela, J., & Koskinen, P. (2023). Exploring students’ perceptions of self-assessment in the context of problem solving in STEM. LUMAT: International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education, 11(2), 35–59. https://doi.org/10.31129/LUMAT.11.2.2028